Internet Glossary - C
Abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheets. CSS allow a web site designer to separate form from function. HTML tells a page what to do, but CSS tells a web page how to look. Currently, not all browsers express CSS formatting in the same manner.
Abbreviation of Common Gateway Interface. It is used to transfer information between a web server and a CGI program. A CGI program is any program designed to accept and return data. The program could be written in any programming language, including C, Perl, Java, or Visual Basic. CGI programs are the most common way for web servers to interact dynamically with users. Many HTML pages that contain forms, for example, use a CGI program to process the form's data once it's submitted.
NumaTek web hosting services provide a number of already-written CGI programs that can be incorporated into your web site just by copying a line of HTML.
Cloaking is a method of redirection which hides the actual URL of your site from the viewer's address bar via frames. It is primarily used to show an optimized page to the search engines and a different page to humans. Most search engines will penalize a site if they discover that it is using cloaking.
An HTML tag used to hide content from browsers. Used for designer's notes. Most search engines ignore the comment tags.
The connection speed is the speed at which data is transferred during the session. The connection speed can be influenced by such factors as the speed of your modem, the quality of the telephone line from your house to the exchange, the quality of your exchange and the maximum speed of your ISP.
A small data file that some websites write to your hard drive when you visit them. A cookie file can contain information such as your user ID that the site uses to track the pages you've visited. The next time you visit the website, the web program reads the cookie file to ascertain, for example, what parts of the website you are interested in. The only personal information a cookie can contain is information you supply yourself. A cookie cannot read data off your hard disk or read cookie files created by other sites.
A program that keeps track of the number of visitors that visit a web page. The counter is often implemented as a CGI application. Often, such programs also keep track of other related information, such as IP addresses, times of the day for each visit, browser type, etc.